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          How is the bus platform designed?

          发布时间:2019年06月11日 浏览次数: Author: Kinder advertising Published: June 11, 2019 Views:
          Abstract: At present, as the aorta of commuting, public transportation plays a vital role in ensuring that the social backbone operates. Promoting the development of public transportation can not only improve the mobility of the city, increase the value of the location, but also build a balance between occupation and residence, and ease road traffic congestion. But its service always has an Achilles heel: waiting time. Although it is not long
          At present, public transportation is the aorta of commuting, and the backbone of the society is playing a vital role in travel. Promoting the development of public transportation can not only improve the mobility of the city, increase the value of the location, but also build a balance between occupation and residence, and ease road traffic congestion. But its service always has an Achilles heel: waiting time. Although it can't be long, the anxious waiting process and crowded, noisy waiting environment make many commuters frustrated to use public transportation. How to reduce the perceived waiting time of passengers as much as possible and make the waiting process not "hard" or "boring" is the vision of all public transport practitioners. This article takes an international perspective and combines international cities: Singapore, Minnesota, Twin Towers, Santa Monica, California, Kalifask, Canada, and Curitiba, Brazil. Angle and possible.
          Singapore-Intelligent Bus Platform Design
          In the innovative design of various bus stops, Singapore's public transport infrastructure construction has always been known as "caring" and "people-oriented". Whether it is a "Z" -shaped corridor designed for strollers and disabled people, or a "wind and rain corridor" connecting residents from the bus platform, it reflects in detail the design concept of starting from people and paying attention to various groups of society. Not only that, in order to encourage the development of public transportation and further advance the policy of “reducing the use of private cars”, Singapore has also launched a “Smart Bus Station” project in Jurong. The project will last for one year as an experimental project. If the social response is good after one year, it is expected to be promoted nationwide.
          "Smart Nation" is one of the national-level development strategies initiated by Singapore, and "Smart Bus Station" is one of the sub-projects. The bus station was completed by the Singapore construction company DP and government agencies. This design, which is evaluated as "the best bus station in the world", is not so much an innovation of a bus station, it can be regarded as a recast of the concept of "waiting time" for buses. With the core idea of "making waiting more interesting", it has created a waiting area for travellers into a multifunctional base station that integrates travel, social, entertainment, and government affairs [1]. It can be seen from Figure 1 that the platform is much larger than the general platform space. The overall color of orange, gray and white is full of modernity. The surrounding area is planted with greenery, creating a sense of integration with nature. The station is divided into different modules according to the graphics on the cornice, and each module corresponds to a different function.
          [1]
          A big "intelligence" of the bus station is reflected in the charging station that provides WI-FI and mobile phones, which meets the needs of information interaction such as socializing with mobile phones as terminals in the current Internet era. On the side of the platform, there are various kinds of paper books that can be borrowed, for people waiting for the train to "charge" mentally. Of course, there are also electronic versions of books that can be read by scanning codes. The linked database is Singapore National Library, which is rich in content. In addition to books, there are also paintings displayed on the platform, so that the bus station can become a part of cultural construction. Intelligence is also reflected in a large interactive electronic screen. This information display screen includes local weather, bus routes, and arrival time, providing timely and effective information to commuters and passengers. The screen is also linked to the database of Singapore's public service sector for local news broadcasts and policy promotion. Interestingly, the energy used by the information board was collected by solar panels above the bus stop. If the products of these data ages are not interesting, the bus platform is also equipped with swings for leisure, making waiting for cars fun. However, this design has also been questioned by some people. Some people think that commuting is very rush, it is difficult to have time to experience these high-tech platforms, which may cause a waste of resources. However, if you are in a hurry to work, you can also have 10 minutes to wait for a car to experience life. The design of this platform is actually more like encouraging everyone to have a space to let yourself out during busy hours, enjoy the fun of leisure, and touch the temperature of life .
          Minnesota Twin Cities-Community Bus Station Design
          Compared to the "smart" transformation of Singapore's bus stops, the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area in Minnesota, USA starts from a management perspective to innovate, integrates the design and management of bus stops into community life, and imprints the respective marks of different communities. Community valuable public wealth. Metro Transit in Minnesota's Twin Cities area is committed to listening to public feedback on the design of each station in order to provide targeted higher quality public transport services. The project of community-based bus stops originated from a questionnaire survey conducted by the University of Minnesota Humphrey School of Public Affairs on three bus routes [2] and nine bus stops along the route. The survey found that, in fact, the bus station area is a part of the public resources that the local community attaches great importance to, and the residents of the communities near the bus station are also willing to jointly maintain the neatness and beauty of the bus station and improve the quality of the community environment.
          [2]
          On this basis, students of the Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota have proposed a new management model in which the public transportation department transfers ownership of bus stop areas to the community. As shown in Figure 2, the residents of the community can jointly create a unique bus station belonging to the community, such as planting flower beds and arranging entertainment facilities. In this mode, each platform has its own community style, and can be jointly maintained by the surrounding residents and the main users of the bus station. This project has two major advantages:
          Reduce the expenditure of public transportation department on line operation and maintenance. In this way, the energy of the public transportation department can be taken away from the cleaning and arrangement of the station, and the focus can be placed on operating the line.
          Increase the enthusiasm of the surrounding residents to take care of the bus station area, and at the same time enhance the sense of belonging of the community.
          Under the concept of such a management model, Twin Cities has begun the "Adopt-A-Shelter" project, encouraging transportation departments and individuals to sign cooperative relationships, and let collaborators living in surrounding communities manage the waiting space of bus stops. It can be extended on the basis of this project, called "Adopt-A-Stop", that is, one-to-many cooperative management within a certain space near the bus station (including the platform waiting space), and community features such as art exhibitions Reflect to the site and build a more cohesive community.
          Santa Monica-artistic bus stop design
          The station design of Santa Monica, another American city in California, focuses on the openness of public spaces. As a pearl along the famous American Highway 1, Santa Monica's long and long coastline not only gives the city a sunny beach, but also a passionate urban temperament and a wild imagination. Residents here don't like being trapped in cell-like semi-closed stations during the heat wave. Even the simple eaves make the locals feel old-fashioned and obstruct the sight. What this wide city needs is a fusion with nature and an eclectic form of space use. After doing a good citizen survey, the Los Angeles-based company Lorcan O'Herlihy Architects undertook a government project and designed a unique bus stop style for Santa Monica [3].
          [3]
          There is no doubt that the sense of art is the biggest highlight of this bus station. The entire platform is like albums, scattered in the waiting area, unified with deep blue, and integrated with the sky and the sea. In the hot California, shading plus ventilation is the best waiting environment. And this design not only does not have the problem of air circulation, but also opens the horizon of waiting for cars. What is even more commendable is that the arrangement of these "records" is not random, but has passed the shading test. The arrangement is as far as possible so that the shadow landing position can form a zone in each period and fall in the waiting area. In the evening, the LED on the edge of the "Record" will light up. The bus system is equipped with GPS, and the status of the station can be checked in real time on the electronic screen under the "record". Only such a bus platform with a sense of design and high technology can be worthy of such a city decorated with delicate beaches.
          Halifax-"Stoplet" streetscape bus stop design
          Santa Monica's record platform emphasizes an open artistic sense, while the station design of the Canadian city of Khalifask adds the aesthetics of streetscape design to the art. The concept of "Stoplet" is actually a product extended from the public space design concept of the street park "Parklet" [4]. As the "originator" Parklet design was first proposed in 2010 in San Francisco, USA. The design pattern is to free up excess parking space on both sides of the street to create a garden-like event space extending from the street. As shown, the space that was originally a street parking lot was designed as a small green space. A circle of benches is arranged around the green space for tourists and residents to rest in this area. The project has achieved great success in San Francisco, and soon became popular in major cities in the United States. New York City, Philadelphia, Phoenix (AZ), and Dallas (TX) have also gradually become popular. Carried out the street view design of Parklet [5]. The impact even continued to spread to Vancouver, Canada, Adelaide, Australia and other international cities. Today, San Francisco is still the world's most constructed city in Parklet.
          [5]
          Based on the design of Parklet, the concept of Stoplet was extended. As shown in Figure 5, Stoplet is a modification of the street bus station. This design makes full use of the vacant platform space and builds a "pier" extending from the street. It is furnished with furniture such as tables and chairs with various green plants. It not only creates a beautiful leisure environment, makes efficient use of public space resources, but also integrates with the surrounding streetscape. This concept quickly received unanimous praise. In Halifax, Canada, in 2016, the City Council voted for a $ 17 million investment in the reconstruction of Argyle Street and Spring Garden Road and surrounding street infrastructure [6] [7]. The design of Stoplet is the central content of the reconstruction project. Stoplet will provide residents and tourists with a comfortable and high-quality waiting environment, making city life easier and more pleasant.
          [4]
          Curitiba-pipeline barrier-free bus station design
          As the most densely populated city in southern Brazil today, Curitiba is known as the world's earliest and most developed rapid public transportation system (BRT). In the 1970s, Curitiba carried out public transport-oriented projects under the leadership of Mayor Jaime Lerner, an architect and urban planner, for the purpose of rebuilding the old city and protecting monuments. Reconstruction of linear city center structure. Due to financial pressure, Curitiba, which was unable to pay for expensive light rail and subway projects at the beginning, chose ground transportation as the main mode of public transportation. With the passage of time, conventional buses cannot meet the increasing demand of urban population density, so a network structure and hierarchical BRTs have emerged as the times require [8]. Compared with conventional buses, BRT has the characteristics of fast speed, high service frequency and larger passenger capacity. In order to bring BRT lines to higher operating standards, Curitiba has adopted a pipeline station design.
          [9]
          As shown in the figure, the station is located on a safe island in the middle of the road, with the main road of the city on both sides. The shape of the entire station resembles a transparent hollow pipe, and pedestrians wait in line in the pipe [10]. The pipeline extends out of several entrances and exits to dock with the bus door. Ticket checking equipment is set up at the exit, and there is no need to buy tickets during the boarding process to cause unnecessary delays. This space layout has two benefits. The first is to greatly improve the efficiency of bus services. There is a very important interval when calculating the operating cycle of the bus, which is the dwelling time of the bus, which is mainly wasted in the disorderly process of getting on and off the bus. When all commuters line up in the “pipeline” in an orderly manner and get on and off at the same time, the dwell time of buses will be effectively reduced. At the same time, arranging bus stops in the middle of the road, the operation of BRT is not disturbed by the operation of cars, and it can also reduce the time of entering and leaving the station.
          In addition to improving the operating efficiency of the bus system to accommodate the frequency of BRT services, this design can ensure the accessibility of public transportation to people with disabilities. The sloped design at both ends of the bus station ensures that people with disabilities can reach the station smoothly. The station has a certain elevation relative to the ground to ensure that people with disabilities can board the car smoothly through a wheelchair. The transparent glass barrier design has good light transmittance. While it has the effect of sheltering from wind and rain, it also has a modern design concept. Moreover, such a layout ensures a certain degree of safety during the waiting process. In general, because of its forward-looking, Curitiba has adopted BRT as the engine of the city, and the design of bus stations is more targeted, which is more suitable for the development of efficient and high-quality urban buses.
          Conclusion
          Bus station designs in various countries try to alleviate the negative emotions in the waiting process of buses from different angles. There are various forms of platform design, and the concepts behind them are also different. However, whether it is intelligent, community-based, artistic, street-viewing, or the design of a bus platform that matches different forms of bus, they are actively guiding a safe, efficient, comfortable and diverse public transport environment. Such an environment can form a strong competition for the "private space" of private cars, and can make more travelers feel the charm of public transportation. At the same time, the design must be integrated with the city itself. The city can fully consider the characteristics of the city while choosing the design of the transportation platform, and adapt its own cultural elements and style. . In addition, the design of bus stops must take into account as many people as possible (for example, to provide barrier-free access), which is also an important dimension of public welfare for public transportation. Driven by these concepts, I believe that with the changes in travel experience requirements, the design of bus stations will be guided to a new era
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